These sentiments represent a philosophical break with recent official thinking , and with the views of many tories , for whom toughness on crime is a basic political tenet-though they will gladden the hearts of mr clarke 's liberal democrat coalition partners , who have long championed penal reform .
Contemporaries feared that without parliament the king was using his prerogative to circumvent statute in order to promote catholicism . He issued certificates dispensing individuals from the test acts . In 1687 he issued a declaration of indulgence which suspended the penal laws against all nonconformists .
Article 65 any one who imports or exports goods that are limited in importation or exportation beyond the scopes approved or permitted shall be subject to investigation for assuming penal liabilities according to the provisions of the criminal law concerning the crime of smuggling or the crime of illegal management .